April 19, 2016

posted Apr 19, 2016, 10:45 AM by Unknown user
Science: Today you dissected the earthworm. Great Job! Now complete the worksheets for the lab and turn it in on Wednesday. No late papers will be accepted. 
Earthworm Exam on Thursday.

Also - I am not collecting Frayer Models for he 8th grade any longer. Instead, you are going to be immersed in small quizzes and note taking in preparation for multiple labs and human anatomy. 
May 3rd: Frog Dissection
May 17: Fetal Pig Dissection
May 24: Shark Dissection

Spanish: Spanish Exam on Irregular Verbs is scheduled for Tomorrow (Wednesday, April 20). 

Lesson Three: Irregular Verbs

A) Present Tense

Regular verbs follow the same rules of conjugation in all the Spanish verb tenses. An irregular verb is one which does NOT follow standard rules of conjugation, but generally follow the same ending rules as the regular verbs. Fortunately, many of the exceptions to the rules are predictable.  

1) The Irregular Verbs – Ver, Oir, Dar.

Ver = To See

Veo

I See

Vemos

We See

Ves

You See

Veis

You See

Ve

He, She, It, You Sees

Ven

You all, They See

 

Oir = To Hear

Oigo

I Hear

Oimos

We Hear

Oyes

You Hear

Ois

You Hear

Oye

He, She, It, You Hears

Oyen

You all, They Hear

 

Dar = To Give

Doy

I give

Damos

We give

Das

You give

Dais

You give

Da

He, She, It, You gives

Dan

You all, They give

2) The Irregular Verb – Ir

One of the most useful Spanish verbs is the verb “ir,” which means “to go.” This verb is an irregular verb because the present tense conjugations do not follow the norm which you previously learned.

Ir = To Go

              Voy            

I Go

Vamos

We Go

Vas

You Go

Vais

You Go

Va

He, She, It, You Goes

Van

You all, They Go

Whenever you say that something or someone is “going to” a place, you have to add the Spanish preposition “a,” which means “to.” We use the formula: voy + a + place

Ex)       Él va a su casa.                                   He goes to his house.

            Nosotros vamos a México.     We’re going to Mexico.

3) Changing (e) to (ie)

There are some instances when an irregular verb which contains an (e) within its spelling, which must be changed to an (ie). When conjugated, (e) changes to (ie) (with the exception of nostoros and vosotros). For example:

Cerrar = To Close

Cierro

I Close

Cerramos

We Close

Cierras

You Close

Cerrais

You Close

Cierra

He, She, It, You Closes

Cierran

You all, They Close

The following tables represent –ar, -er, and –ir verbs which follow the (e) to (ie) rules…

-AR

Cerrar

To Close

Comenzar

To Begin

Confesar

To Confess

Despertar

To Wake Up

Empezar

To Begin

Gobernar

To Govern

Negar

To Deny

Recomendar

To Recommend

 

-ER

Ascender

To Ascend

Descender

To Descend

Defender

To Defend

Encender

To Light

Entender

To Understand

Querer

To Want

 

-IR

Mentir

To Lie

Preferir

To Prefer

Sentir

To Feel, To Regret

Sugerir

To Suggest

 

** The verb tener (full conjugation) and venir (full conjugation) are (e) to (ie) stem changer with an irregular form of yo.**

4) Changing (o) to (ue)

 There are some instances when an irregular verb which contains an (o) within its spelling, which must be changed to an (ue). When conjugated, (o) changes to (ue) (with the exception of nostoros and vosotros). For example:

Volar = To Fly

Vuelo

I Fly

Volamos

We Fly

Vuelas

You Fly

Volais

You Fly

Vuela

He, She, It, You Flies

Vuelan

You all, They Fly

 

The following tables represent –ar, -er, and –ir verbs which follow the (o) to (ue) rules…

-AR

Acordarse

To Remember

Acostarse

To Go To Bed

Almorzar

To Eat Lunch

Contar

To Count

Costar

To Cost

Demostrar

To Show

Encontrar

To Find, To Meet

*Jugar

To Play

Mostrar

To Show

Probar

To Prove, To Test

Recordar

To Remember

Volar

To Fly

*The verb jugar is conjugated in the same manner although it does not contain the letter (o).

-ER

Devolver

To Return an Object, To Give Something Back

Envolver

To Wrap Up

Mover

To Move

Poder

To Be Able

Resolver

To Resolve

Soler

To Want

Volver

To Return

 

 


-IR

Dormir

To Sleep

Morir

To Die

5) Changing (e) to (i)

There are some instances when an irregular verb which contains an (e) within its spelling, which must be changed to an (i). When conjugated, (e) changes to (i) (with the exception of nostoros and vosotros). For example:

Reir = To Laugh

Rio

I Laugh

Reimos

We Laugh

Ries

You Laugh

Reis

You Laugh

Rie

He, She, It, You Laughs

Rien

You all, They Laugh

***ALL (E) to (I) VERBS ARE –IR VERBS***

Other (e) to (i) verbs…

Despedirse

To Say Goodbye

Impedir

To Impede, Prevent

Medir

To Measure

Reir

To Laugh

Repetir

To Repeat

Seguir

To Follow

Servir

To Serve

Sonreir

To Smile

Vestir

To Dress

 

 

 

6) Changing (cer) & (cir) to (zco)

There are some instances when an irregular verb which contains an (cer) & (cir) within its spelling, which must be changed to an (zco). When conjugated, (cer) & (cir) changes to (zco) (with the exception of nostoros and vosotros). For example:

Conducir = To Drive

Conduzco

I Drive

Conducimos

We Drive

Conduces

You Drive

Conducis

You Drive

Conduce

He, She, It, You Drives

Conducen

You all, They Drive

***ALL (E) to (I) VERBS ARE –IR VERBS***

Other (e) to (i) verbs…

Traducir

To Translate

Conducir

To Drive

Aparecer

To Appear

Desaparecer

To Disappear

 

Traduzco

Traducimos

Aparezco

Aparecemos

Traduces

--

Apareces

--

Traduce

Traducen

Aparece

Aparecen

 

7) Changing (g) to (j)

There are some instances when an irregular verb which contains a (g) within its spelling, which must be changed to a (j). When conjugated, (g) changes to (j) (with the exception of nostoros and vosotros). For example:

Corregir = To Correct

Corrijo

I Correct

Corrigimos

We Correct

Corriges

You Correct

Corregis

You Correct

Corrige

He, She, It, You Corrects

Corrigen

You all, They Correct

Elegir = To Elect

Elijo

I Elect

Elegimos

We Elect

Eliges

You Elect

Elegis

You Elect

Elige

He, She, It, You Elects

Eligen

You all, They Elect

8) Changing (gu) to (g)

There are some instances when an irregular verb which contains an (gu) within its spelling, which must be changed to an (g). When conjugated, (gu) changes to (g) in the first person singular of the present tense. For example:

Perseguir = To Pursue

Persigo

I Persue

Perseguimos

We Persue

Persigues

You Persue

Perseguis

You Persue

Persigue

He, She, It, You Persues

Persiguen

You all, They Persue

Seguir = To Follow

Sigo

I Follow

Seguimos

We Follow

Sigues

You Follow

Seguis

You Follow

Sigue

He, She, It, You Follows

Siguen

You all, They Follow

 

Ex)       Queda muy cerca del museo de bellas artes.

            It's very close to the museum of fine arts.

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