February 26, 2016

posted Feb 26, 2016, 11:26 AM by Unknown user
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Science: Today we continued to talk about parasites and invertebrates. We even watched a movie or two about parasites. We then continued to the next section which includes Mollusks and Worms.

Removing a Worm from an Eye


Spanish: We have returned to Spanish Grammar: Irregular Verbs

 A) Present Tense

Regular verbs follow the same rules of conjugation in all the Spanish verb tenses. An irregular verb is one which does NOT follow standard rules of conjugation, but generally follow the same ending rules as the regular verbs. Fortunately, many of the exceptions to the rules are predictable.  

 1) The Irregular Verbs – Ver, Oir, Dar.

Ver = To See

Veo

I See

Vemos

We See

Ves

You See

Veis

You See

Ve

He, She, It, You Sees

Ven

You all, They See

 Oir = To Hear

Oigo

I Hear

Oimos

We Hear

Oyes

You Hear

Ois

You Hear

Oye

He, She, It, You Hears

Oyen

You all, They Hear

 Dar = To Give

Doy

I give

Damos

We give

Das

You give

Dais

You give

Da

He, She, It, You gives

Dan

You all, They give

 2) The Irregular Verb – Ir

One of the most useful Spanish verbs is the verb “ir,” which means “to go.” This verb is an irregular verb because the present tense conjugations do not follow the norm which you previously learned.

 Ir = To Go

              Voy            

I Go

Vamos

We Go

Vas

You Go

Vais

You Go

Va

He, She, It, You Goes

Van

You all, They Go

 Whenever you say that something or someone is “going to” a place, you have to add the Spanish preposition “a,” which means “to.” We use the formula: voy + a + place

Ex)       Él va a su casa.                                   He goes to his house.

            Nosotros vamos a México.     We’re going to Mexico.

 3) Changing (e) to (ie)

There are some instances when an irregular verb which contains an (e) within its spelling, which must be changed to an (ie). When conjugated, (e) changes to (ie) (with the exception of nostoros and vosotros). For example:

Cerrar = To Close

Cierro

I Close

Cerramos

We Close

Cierras

You Close

Cerrais

You Close

Cierra

He, She, It, You Closes

Cierran

You all, They Close

The following tables represent –ar, -er, and –ir verbs which follow the (e) to (ie) rules…

-AR

Cerrar

To Close

Comenzar

To Begin

Confesar

To Confess

Despertar

To Wake Up

Empezar

To Begin

Gobernar

To Govern

Negar

To Deny

Recomendar

To Recommend

-ER

Ascender

To Ascend

Descender

To Descend

Defender

To Defend

Encender

To Light

Entender

To Understand

Querer

To Want

 -IR

Mentir

To Lie

Preferir

To Prefer

Sentir

To Feel, To Regret

Sugerir

To Suggest

 ** The verb tener (full conjugation) and venir (full conjugation) are (e) to (ie) stem changer with an irregular form of yo.**

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